On the southern slope of the Acropolis of Athens, east of Herodion, the Temple of Asclepius and Hygieia was discovered in 2011. In the Temple there are various inscriptions, one of which stands out for the interesting form of writing. The Supreme Council of the Hellenes Ethnikoi commissioned the Laboratory of Computational Mathematics, Mathematical Software and Digital Typography of the Department of Mathematics to digitize the font. The work is still in progress and below we see a relevant column and part of its text as it is currently being reproduced from the font.


Photographic material: © Callisto| YSEE



Deviations from the original appear (among other reasons) because the ancient engraver does not hold the same spacing (characters' width) of the characters, nor are the lines perfectly horizontal, nor is the photograph taken with the lens perpendicular to the column.

The font has be extended to provide more alternate characters, since the approach is not museum-type one. For example, in addition to the NH ligature of the ancient engraver, NE and others have been added. The font is be offered with a free license from here.

We warmly thank the Athens Ephorate of Antiquities who provided various information to our Lab for the inscription. It's the inscribed pedestal, NK14, made of Pentelic marble, welded by five fragments. It was found in 1876 in the Asklepieion area, built in the foundations of a Christian church. It has a rich nape and base. The top surface has a recess for the placement of a statue, probably of Μαρκία Αθηναΐδα (Marcia Annia Claudia Alkia Athenais Gavidia Latiaria), the younger daughter of Herodes Atticus. The inscription dates back to the period of action of the honored, that is, from 145 to 156 ade or at the latest by 160 ade.

Two more samples: